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Case law: e-resources for common law countries: USA

US case citation

States with Neutral Citation systems

In the format  yyyy state abbreviation + (where necessary) abbreviation for a higher court (eg App) + unique case number [at paragraph number]

Colorado, Maine, Montana, New Mexico, North Dakota, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Utah, Vermont, Wisconsin, and Wyoming

From 2009 on Arkansas has this form for appellate decisions,  but retains page numbers within the court-released pdf file as the means for pinpoint cites.


Illinois, Louisiana, Mississippi, and Ohio have adopted different systems: keep up to date via link below:

Finding US cases online

New to US law?

This other Law Bod Libguide may help!