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Labour & employment law: Treaties

Subjects: Law

Rights treaties

International Human Rights treaties

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights, 1948 (Article 23 establishes the right to work, to equal and fair remuneration and the right to form and join trade unions)
The International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination, 1965
The International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, 1966
The International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, 1966
The Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women, 1979 
The Convention on the Rights of the Child, 1989 
The International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of their Families, 2003

ECHR: European Convention on Human Rights

ESC: European Social Charter

The European Social Charter is a Council of Europe treaty which guarantees social and economic human rights. It was adopted in 1961 and revised in 1996.
The European Committee of Social Rights rules on the conformity of the situation in States with the European Social Charter, the 1988 Additional Protocol and the Revised European Social Charter.

International labour standards

Some of the key sections within NormLex are given as links below

Eight conventions have been deemed 'fundamental" by ILO:

1. Freedom of Association and Protection of the Right to  Organise Convention, 1948 (No. 87) 

2. Right to Organise and Collective Bargaining Convention, 1949 (No. 98) 

3. Forced Labour Convention, 1930 (No. 29) 

4. Abolition of Forced Labour Convention, 1957 (No. 105) 

5. Minimum Age Convention, 1973 (No. 138) 

6. Worst Forms of Child Labour Convention, 1999 (No. 182) 

7. Equal Remuneration Convention, 1951 (No. 100) 

8. Discrimination (Employment and Occupation) Convention, 1958 (No. 111) 

Governance Conventions. 

  • Labour Inspection Convention, 1947 (No. 81)
  • Labour Inspection (Agriculture) Convention, 1969 (No. 129)
  • Tripartite Consultation (International Labour Standards) Convention, 1976 (No. 144)
  • Employment Policy Convention, 1964 (No. 122)