An excellent starting point are chapters 29 & 30 of Baker's book below:
To find other books on SOLO try the subject searches
Corrections -- England -- History --
Criminal law -- England -- History --
Criminology -- England -- History --
Criminal justice, Administration of -- England -- History --
You can refine all of these by adding a period eg to 1500, or 16th century, 17th century, 18th century, 19th century, or 20th century.
Expect to find that the Bodleian History Faculty Library has books in this area of research too!
Hierarchy of criminal courts from 1200s to 1971
Reading the records even when in English requires understanding of the contemporary legal terminology: for example, the phrase "Death recorded" (from 1823) was not a synonym for execution having been carried out.