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European & Scandinavian/Nordic countries: legal resources: Cases

Subjects: Law - Foreign Law

Multi-jurisdictional Searches

Decisions of Supreme Courts of European Jurisdictions

ECLI Search Engine

Eurotort gathers together leading decisions in tort law from 30 European jurisdictions, searchable by jurisdiction, time period, keywords, full text, or a combination thereof. The cases have been selected by experts from each respective jurisdiction, who have also drafted the English texts presenting the facts of the case and an abstract of the decision

Jurisdiction based information

For information based on each jurisdiction, and links to sources of case law, please use the pages under the Jurisdictions tab 


ECLI is a uniform identifier (neutral citation system) that has the same recognizable format for all Member States and EU courts. It is composed of five, mandatory, elements:

  • ‘ECLI’: to identify the identifier as being a European Case Law Identifier;
  • the country code;
  • the code of the court that rendered the judgment;
  • the year the judgment was rendered;
  • an ordinal number, up to 25 alphanumeric characters, in a format that is decided upon by each Member State. Dots are allowed, but not other punctuation marks.

The elements are separated by a colon. For example, 2009 decisions of the Hoge Raad (Supreme Court of the Netherlands) would start: