Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

Digital theses and ORA: Fonts and images


Image of DVD disc from Paramount Pictures. Reads: "Photo of DVD: All rights reserved ™, ® & Copyright © 2007"

You need to know whether the rights associated with your thesis allow you to deposit it in ORA. Please be particularly aware of the rights of third party copyright holders (ie materials included in the thesis where the copyright is held by a third party). For help and guidance see the Copyright section of this LibGuide.

Fonts, Non-Roman Characters & Diacritics

ORA will accept any font or characters that are Unicode

Many authors need to include non-Roman characters in their publications. Use of Unicode fonts is recommended for inclusion in ORA.

Other non-Unicode fonts/characters may be problematic:

  • might not display correctly in ORA
  • might not display correctly to end-users
  • searching (either using the simple or detailed full text search) within ORA might not work. If Unicode is used within the full text of the item (including unlocked PDF versions) it means that full text searching using Unicode characters will work.
  • cause difficulties for digital preservation

If you are not using a Unicode font, please avoid inserting non-Roman characters or other non-Unicode characters in the ORA deposit form. Contact if you have any queries on this matter. 

Greek characters

  • Athenian Font: use of this font has been discouraged by the American Philological Association since 1999. There is a free Unicode equivalent called 'Athena.' Links and further information are available.
  • A free online converter is also available. 
  • Please note that ORA staff provide this for information only and cannot endorse any of these products.


Many students want to include images within their thesis. If you intend to include images you might like to think about:

  • the file size
  • presentation formats (such as JPEG, thumbnails, TIFF high quality archive copies)
  • the metadata you assign to the image
  • copyright clearance for use and further re-use of the image
  • adding a copyright statement to your own images
  • resources and their limitations for processing images eg PhotoShop or Gimp. PhotoShop is a popular application and is industry neutral. 

General advice is to keep things as simple as possible. You should check with your supervisor for information about what your academic division permits as content of the thesis.

Oxford Research Archive






Oxford University Research Archive (ORA) is an institutional repository for the University of Oxford and is home to the scholarly output of its research members. It holds publications, theses and research data.

Contact us at:

NOTICE: Due to the current COVID-19 pandemic ORA services are remote working with limited access. Please use the contact us form or email directly. Phones are currently unmanned with voicemails being accessed intermittently.