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Children and the law: Treaties

Subjects: Law

Related guides from LawBod

Where is the full text online?

OU members looking for the texts of treaties from LNTS, UNTS  or ILM are advised to use one of the subscription databases - listed at the head of the links below.

Most of the modern treaty series are also freely accessible via websites maintained by governments, international organizations or treaty secretariats. Some of the major ones are listed below.

Post World War Two timeline

of key multi-national responses to the rights and needs of children

Universal Declaration of Human Rights 1948

European Convention on Human Rights 1950

Declaration of the Rights of the Child 1959

European Social Charter 1961 

The Hague Convention on Jurisdiction, Applicable Law and Recognition of Decrees Relating to Adoptions 1965 (1965 Convention)

International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights 1966

International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights 1966

European Convention on the Adoption of Children 1967

Minimum Age Convention 1973

American Convention on Human Rights (Pact of San José, Costa Rica) 1978

Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination against Women 1979

The European Convention on the Recognition and Enforcement of Decisions Concerning the Custody of Children 1980 (the Luxembourg Convention)

Hague Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction 1980

African Charter on Human and People’s Rights 1981 (Banjul Charter) and Protocol

Inter-American Convention on Conflict of Laws Concerning the Adoption of Minors 1984

U.N. Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) 1989

African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child 1990

The Hague Convention on the Protection of Children and Cooperation in Respect of Intercountry Adoption (1993 Convention)

The European Social Charter (revised) 1996

European Convention on the Exercise of Children’s Rights 1996

Hague Convention on Jurisdiction, Applicable Law, Recognition, Enforcement and Co-operation in Respect of Parental Responsibility and Measures for the Protection of Children 1996 (1996 Convention)

Worst Forms of Child Labour Convention 1999

Optional Protocol to the CRC on the Sale of Children, Child Prostitution, and Child Pornography (Sex Trafficking Protocol), Armed Conflict 2000

Optional Protocol to the CRC on the Involvement of Children in Armed Conflict (Child Soldiers Protocol) 2000

Optional Protocol to the CRC on a communications procedure 2014