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Legal Skills and Research: Reference Management

Information and resources on legal skills and legal research techniques.

A Selection of Reference Management Software

Below is a very short list of a number of Reference Management products.  There are some that are free but if you are an OU member you can check with OUCS to see which products Oxford has a licence to distribute to it's members.

Law indexes

Below is a selected list of law indexes, catalogues and databases with a list of what they will currently export to.

SOLO (Library Catalogue)

  • EndNote
  • RefWorks
  • Connotea
  • del.icio.us

Lexis Library (subscription)

  • RefWorks

Index to Legal Periodicals (subscription)

  • RefWorks
  • EndNote

Index to Foreign Legal Periodicals (subscription)

  • EndNote
  • Ref Manager
  • RefWorks
  • ProCite
  • Citavi

Social Science Citation Index (subscription)

  • EndNote
  • RefWorks
  • Research ID
  • BibTex

Google Scholar (free)

  • EndNote
  • Ref Manager
  • RefWorks
  • BibTex

Social Science Research Network (free)

  • EndNote
  • BibTex
  • Ref Manager
  • RefWorks

Books on Referencing

Quick guide to Reference Management

Provided by Reeding LessonsWhen writing essays, theses or dissertations or when conducting research it is important to make a note of which resources you have used for future checking and for footnotes and publications.  There are a number of software products that allow you to do this and we have listed these on the left hand side (there are lots more than these).  You will find that some of the databases and online indexes will have the ability to export references directly to some of the software which can be quite useful.  If you find books and articles on SOLO again you can export these.  It is worth bearing in mind

  • what you will be using the software for
  • whether the product is opensource/free and if not what Oxford has a licence for
  • what indexes can export
  • how the software is supported

There is an OSCOLA style written for the EndNote software (see citation tab for more information on OSCOLA) and there is also a style written for Refworks.  More information can be found on the Faculty pages.

Referencing Styles

CITATION/REFERENCING  STYLES

The standard that is used at Oxford and many other institutions is Oxford Standard for the Citation of Legal Authorities (OSCOLA).  This is currently in its 4th edition and is available online at https://www.law.ox.ac.uk/research-subject-groups/publications/oscola

There is a very good interactive guide on using OSCOLA called Citing the Law which is produced by Cardiff University.

There are also other referencing systems, another one that is used by many universities and institutions is Harvard Referencing (or sometimes referred to as Parenthetical referencing). There are many guides produced by institutions on the use of this  which operates as a author-date system where the basics are put in brackets in the main text and then full details are given in footnotes or bibliography.

Referencing work properly is essential (for more information on avoiding plagiarism see the tab on Legal Writing).  For more information on citation for  cases and legislation then see the tab on Citation.

 

Video

Below is a quick video on EndNote but there is a whole Libguide available as well as an article on the  EndNote page

Exporting references from SOLO

OU members and members of the Bodleian Libraries can export references from SOLO to selected reference management software. Below is a step by step guide on how to do this.

  1. Log on to SOLO in the top right using your Single Sign On or your library username and password
  2. Search for the item(s) you want
  3. Click on the 'star' at the beginning of the title, this put the item onto your e-shelf.
  4. Go to your e-shelf when you have finished adding items. 
  5. Tick on the box by the item you wish to export and then use the right hand box to 'push' to selected software.  At the moment you can export to EndNote, RefWorks, Connotea or to a del.i.ious account.