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China, Hong Kong and Macau: legal resources: Constitution

Citing the PCR constitution

Its abbreviation in transliterated form is Xianfa (1982).

In English language works pinpoints are given to article numbers, followed by section numbers if applicable.

Amendments are Xianfa Xiuzhengan (yyyy).

Commentary on the Constitution

The Chinese Constitution

The current constitution (Xianfa) dates from 1982.

In the interim it has been amended four times: by Xianfa Xiuzhengan of 1988, 1993, 1999, and 2004.

The Standing Committee of the NPC interprets and enforces the Constitution and can annul administrative acts that are unconstitutional.

Electronic resources

Texts on Chinese constitutional and administrative law