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Maritime Legal Culture
Remote access requires Oxford SSO. Chapter in Law in Common: Legal Cultures in Late-Medieval England by Tom Johnson (2019) Print copy is at Legal Hist J69.8a
Canonists & Civilians
Until the Victorian reforms, the ecclesiastical and admiralty courts were the preserve of practitioners with a different specialist education to that of the common lawyers.
Prior to the Reformation the advocates (barristers) were trained in Canon law, after the Reformation in Civil (Roman) law - in other words had a doctorate from either Oxford or Cambridge. Most advocates were members of Doctors' Commons.
The proctors (attorneys) learnt through on the job training.