106. Oxford, a pleasant city ; containing the finest university in the world. 87. Cambridge, a disagreeable town. 90. Lynn Regis or King's Lynn, famed for the wine trade... Johnson Games
Bowles's British geographical amusement, : or Game of geography, in a most compleat and elegant tour thro' England, Wales, and the adjoining parts of Scotland & Ireland. JJColl: Games 26 (11)
JJColl: Games folder (21)
Map games abound, with the ever-changing perceptions and realities of country and county boundaries. Wallis, Passmore, and Bowles among others produced maps of Britain, with keys to each town or place of interest. It was common for these maps to be published as dissected puzzles (the precursor of the jigsaw), challenging the child to learn the relative positions of places or countries. A game such as Tar of All Weathers (lithographed by Barfoot and published by Ogilvy in c. 1860) is rich in symbolism and prejudice. A game of the empire, it shows Queen Victoria resplendent at the head of Africa, Asia, etc the people of which continents are depicted in stereotypical roles. The rules are included. The object of the games was to match counters with the colonies they represent, necessitating knowledge of geography.
Tar of all weathers, Ogilvy, [c. 1860]. Ballam Collection: Ogilvy (21)
"Dear mamma, only think, my cousin cannot put the map of Europe together"
For other literary references see Shefrin, Jill. Neatly dissected ... John Spilsbury and Early Dissected Puzzles. Cotsen Occasional Press, Los Angeles, 1999
New Map of India: the seat of the Mutinies. London: J. Passmore (box), G. Cruchley (puzzle), [c. 1855] Ballam Collection: Dissected Puzzles (32)